Follow the Opening of the Fortifications of Oeiras Exhibition - Tagus and World Heritage live
The opening of the Fortifications of Oeiras Exhibition - Tagus and World Heritage and the Presentation of the Maritime Heritage Axis of the Oeiras Candidacy to the European Capital of Culture will be broadcast today, May 11, at 6:30 pm, live from the Palace of Egypt, from OEIRAS 27 Facebook page.
The realization of this exhibition intends to be a driving force in the dynamics of patrimonial valorization of the military legacy of the riverside of our municipality, which can be apprehended in its true extension and in its admirable diversity.
The exhibition consists of 6 thematic groups with several associated themes.
The first is based on the Fortaleza de S. Julião da Barra and the Forte de S. Lourenço (Bugio) for their monumentality and heritage importance, with the associated theme of the quarries of Oeiras. The Fortress of S. Julião da Barra is the most important and complex military construction on the Portuguese coast, with which the abaluartada architecture was inaugurated and in which are printed the services of a remarkable group of architects, also nicknamed “Chave do Reino”. ». Forte do Bugio, on the other hand, is a manifesto of human audacity and ingenuity and a reference icon in the mouth of the Tagus and the coast of Oeiras.
The second nucleus shows us the Forts of the Restoration and Late Modernity era, to which the themes of Coastal Artillery and the Earthquake of 1755 are associated. In defense of the restored capital, a fortified belt was created on the coast line until Cascais, which expresses a strategic planning hitherto absent in the annals of military defense and fortification of the ports of maritime nations.
In turn, the third nucleus deals with the Fortifications of the Peninsular War and French Invasions, whose associated theme is the Maritime Fortifications as State Prisons. The great fortifications, due to their nature and characteristics, in the Portuguese kingdom and elsewhere, functioned regularly as prison spaces until the 20th century, for political prisoners, in most cases, and also for civilian purposes.
The fourth thematic nucleus concerns Contemporary Maritime Fortifications, focusing on Architects and Engineers as builders of the fortified landscape. These, only with the flow of time, acquired professional specificity, becoming the great builders of the fortified landscape of Oeiras and the first modelers of its riverside.
The next section tells us about Contemporary Fortifications with a focus on the Barron Plan. In the aftermath of World War II, almost all maritime nations abandoned the concept of fixed defense and, therefore, the presence and use of fortifications. It was not the case of Portugal that, given the potential dangers of the Iberian neighbor, and given the natural characteristics of the port of Lisbon, it tested and carried out the adaptation of existing batteries, as in the case of Oeiras, and the construction of new units, to create a surveillance and bus system for enemy armadas.
Finally, the sixth nucleus is dedicated to the Tagus Museum. The final section of the exhibition, which emerges as an epilogue or conclusion driven by the high patrimonial value and the organizing role of fortification in the construction of the riverside landscape, is dedicated to the presentation of the future Tagus Museum and its inscription on the thematic axes of the application of Oeiras to Capital European Culture 2027. Departing from the territory of Oeiras, its objective will be to reveal the national and international scope of this structuring project and the multiplicity of cultural and heritage aspects that it adds, a plural dimension that will be evident and translated into the musealization of the Battery of Areeiro, the first and decisive step that we intend to take in the accomplishment of this objective.
OEIRAS 27, Inventing the Future